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Italian language

Italian language ( l'italiano) is a Romance language of Indo-European family of languages. Like all other Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese, French, Romanian and Catalan), Italian evolved from Vulgar Latin (common Latin). It is the closest national language to Latin in terms of vocabulary and the contrast between short and long consonants. The modern Italian is based on Tuscan dialect that was first formalized at the beginning of 14th century through the works of Dante Alighieri. Dante's epic poems were read throughout Italy and his written dialect became the standard that all educated Italians could understand. 70 million people speak Italian as their mother tongue (60 million in Italy). 125 million people use of Italian as a foreign language. Italian is an official language in: Italy, San Marino, Switzerland, Vatican City, the Istrian peninsula (Croatia and Slovenia territory). It is also the official language of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and Rhodes (Greece). Italian is also spoken: on Corsica (France), in the former Italian colonies - Albania, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya and Somalia, by small communities of Italian emigrants in European countries - Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain, Luxembourg, Monaco, and non-European countries - in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela and Tunisia. Italian is one of the official languages of the European Union.

The language is spoken in the following countries: Switzerland, Italy, San Marino

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